Medicines is that which relates to diagnose cure, halt, or prevent disease; ease symptoms; or help in the diagnosis of illnesses. Because of the advances in medicines doctors can cure many diseases and save lives. Now a days, medicines come from a variety of sources. Medicines were developed from various substances that were present in nature, and but now mostly were found from plants. Medicines are the mixture of lot of chemicals together. These are made in labs. Like penicillin, are by products of organisms such as fungus. And even biologically engineered by inserting genes into bacteria that make them produce the desired substance.
Medicines can be delivered in many ways:-
- liquids that are swallowed
- drops that put into ears or eyes
- gels, creams or ointments that are rubbed onto the skin
- inhalers (like nasal sprays or asthma inhalers)
- transdermal patches that are stuck to skin
- (sublingual medicines)simply known as tablets they are placed under the tongue which is absorbed into blood vessels and enters the bloodstream
- injections or intravenous (inserted into a vein) medicines
Without the approval from U.S food and Drug Administration no one can sold their medicine in market. First complete test is taken of all new medicines and then the result is send to the FDA. FDA gives permission to sold the medicine in the market only when the medicine is not harmful and safe for health. FDA has complete right to withdraw the medicine at any time if it is later found to be cause harmful for the health.
Different types of Medicines
Every medicine act differently as per they meant for. Some medicine can cure an illness by killing or halting the spread of invading germs, such as bacteria and viruses. And others are used to treat cancer by killing cells as they divide or preventing them from multiplying. Some drugs replace missing substances or correct low levels of natural body chemicals such as some hormones or vitamins. Even medicines can affect parts of the nervous system that control a body process.
Antibiotics:- Mostly everyone has taken an antibiotic. Antibiotic medicine fights with bacterial infections. Doctors also prescribed an antibiotic for things like strep throat or an ear infection. Antibiotic is used for killing the bacteria or halting their multiplication so that the body’s immune system can fight off the infection.
Sometimes because of not properly make of the chemicals in our body part person can get sick. Peoples with insulin-dependent diabetes, for instance, has a pancreas that can’t produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates glucose in the body). People who have a low production of thyroid hormone, that helps to control how the body uses energy. Doctors can prescribe medicines to replace the missing hormone, in any case.
Sometimes some medicines can treat symptoms but can’t cure the illness that causes the symptoms. (A symptom is anything you feel while you’re sick, such as a cough or nausea.) So taking a lozenge may soothe a sore throat, but it won’t kill that nasty strep bacteria.
Some medicines can relieve pain. If you pull a muscle, and your doctor might tell you to take ibuprofen or acetaminophen. So, these pain relievers, or analgesics block the pathways that transmit pain signals from injured or irritated body part to the brain, from this source of pain don’t get rid — your muscle will still be pulled (they affect in such a way the brain read the signals). So that you don’t hurt as much while your body recovers.
People sometimes develop chronic or long-term conditions as when they get older and older. Medicines can help control things like high blood pressure or high cholesterol. These drugs can help to prevent some of its body-damaging effects over time but they don’t cure the underlying problem.
Although all medicines are not available in stores, they require a prescription. Any one can buy many medicines for pain, fever, cough, or allergies without a prescription. You can take OTC medicine only by if it is prescribed by doctors. It doesn’t mean that if a medicine is available over-the-counter (OTC), that are not have any side effects.
Taking the medicine
It doesn’t mean that if your doctor prescribed you the medicine that was safe for you. While before taking the medicine you have to follow some rules :-
- After taking the medicine if you feel worse , tell your doctor right away.
- Double-check that you have the right medicine. If you get the some perception filled more than once, check that it’s the same shape, size, and color as the last time. If not, be sure to ask the pharmacist about it.
- Read the label and follow directions. Ask if you have questions.
- Take medicines as exactly as prescribed in the form. If in instructions they say take one tablet four times a day, don’t take two tablets twice a day. It’s not the same.
- Ask if the medicine is likely to affect everyday tasks such as driving or concentrating in school.
- Follow your doctor’s or pharmacist’s instructions. For example, if he or she may tell you to take a medicine with food to help lessen the stomach upset it can cause or instead to take the medicine on an empty stomach so as not to interfere with the medicine’s absorption into your body.
- If the person is having the same thing as you do, never share prescription medicine with that guy. Medicines are having very complex, and the dosages that tend to be precisely prescribed for each person’s needs. If you take over dosage or under dosage medicine that was also very harmful for you. In another person body, they may react differently as the same medicine.
- If you’re taking any other medicines or any herbal supplements please tell to your doctor and pharmacist so that he or she can check for any interactions between the medicines.
Medicines are the best effective treatment available for many illnesses. If you were having any problem or questions regarding your medicine then talk immediately with your doctors. They provide you the best solution for your problem.